In humans, individuals’ social setting determines which and how language is acquired. Social seclusion experiments show that sociality also guides vocal development in songbirds and marmoset monkeys, but absence of similar great ape data has been interpreted as support to saltational notions for language origin, even if such laboratorial protocols are unethical with great apes. Here we characterize the repertoire entropy of orangutan individuals and show that in the wild, different degrees of sociality across populations are associated with different ‘vocal personalities’ in the form of distinct regimes of alarm call variants. In high-density populations, individuals are vocally more original and acoustically unpredictable but new call variants are short lived, whereas individuals in low-density populations are more conformative and acoustically consistent but also exhibit more complex call repertoires. Findings provide non-invasive evidence that sociality predicts vocal phenotype in a wild great ape. They prove false hypotheses that discredit great apes as having hardwired vocal development programmes and non-plastic vocal behaviour. Social settings mould vocal output in hominids besides humans. Analysis of wild orangutan calls demonstrates that different degrees of sociality across populations are associated with different ‘vocal personalities’.
— Read on www.nature.com/articles/s41559-022-01689-z
. . . when you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth. Sherlock Holmes In case you haven’t noticed, it is Bigfoot season again. When the rainy season ends and the cold fronts begin to move in, the Bigfoots emerge from hiding. Already this fall, mass Bigfoot sightings have begun in Florida: a Lakeland man shot one in the Green Swamp (it got away), an Apopka security guard was scratched by one at a nursery, a hitchhiker near Belleview saw one and the smell (not the Bigfoot) knocked him down. The Suncoast is no exception: this month five were seen near Brooksville (where more Bigfoots are sighted than anywhere else in Florida). They have been sighted near S.R. 583 in Safety Harbor, on the shores of the Pithlacoo-chee River, strolling along lonely Pasco County roadways, at Little Salt Springs south of Sarasota, thrashing about in a Venice wilderness, and crossing S.R. 476 up in Citrus County. Just last Thursday, Port Richey high school student David Humphrey was chased across the Bay Boulevard bridge by one. These are real Bigfoots, now, not the ones who will be appearing at your door tonight grunting “Trick or Treat.” You hope. One never knows for sure. That’s why we have thoroughly researched the Bigfoot phenomena to prepare a sort of Bigfoot primer to aid in distinguishing the actual abominables from the hirsute heathens. How do you know a Bigfoot is nearby? One always senses the presence of a Bigfoot before it appears. A severe feeling of nausea and fright will take hold one minute before a Bigfoot appears. The fright is understandable. A scale devised by Dr. Grover Krantz (physical anthropologist at Washington State University) puts the average Bigfoot at between seven and nine feet tall. It weighs between 500 and 1,000 pounds (a 12-footer weighs 2,350 pounds) with a 5.8-inch heel breadth and four-to-six foot stride. The nausea is advance warning of the worst case of B.O. you’ll ever encounter. How do Bigfoots smell? ” Bad. Real bad. So bad, that those who have been near Bigfoots have trouble describing the odor, most settling for a combination of the following: rotten meat, skunk, rotten eggs, moldy cheese, goat dung, and burnt sul- phur. Much traveled Bigfoot author Ivan Sanderson says the smell is ciose to that emitted by the “pygmies of the Ituri Forest of the Congo Uele” (and that we smell like “boiled rabbit” to Bigfoots). Suncoast Bigfoot spotter John Sohl says it is “like being downwind from the Toytown dump.” Charles Stoekman, whose Florida Keys home is constantly plagued by Bigfoots, claims they smell “like a dog that hasn’t been bathed in a year and suddenly gets rained on.” What don’t Bigfoots like? Rain. They like rivers and swimming pools, but nix on rain. When a Bigfoot gets rained upon, it shakes its arms vigorously until they are dry. Bigfoots do not like shotguns. A New Port Richey woman saw one in her backyard and threw a bag of garbage and a cooler filled with trash at the monster. It didn’t budge. Bigfoots love garbage. But when her husband emerged with a shotgun, it was long gone. When is one safe from Bigfoots? If it is raining or you are with someone owns a shotgun. What do Bigfoots like? Tricycles. Experts don’t know why but there have been numerous reports of Bigfoots walking off with trikes. They like to eat rats (which they squash before eating), decapitated racoons and ducks (which they . . . well, you get the picture), flour pancakes and frogs of any size. Bigfoots pull the tongues out of everything they eat. Experts feel they do this because they resent not having the power of speech. Bigfoots also like fire. What is the greatest ambition of a Bigfoot’s life? To start a fire. In fact, one way of tracking a Bigfoot is looking for the piles of branches and twigs it leaves. Try as it might, a Bigfoot cannot start a fire. What is an average day in the life of a Bigfoot like? Eating, trying to start fires, running from rain, searching for tricycles. What are some other interesting facts about Bigfoots? When more than one Bigfoot are together, they walk in order of size, tallest to shortest. Bigfoots are nocturnal, omnivorous, bury their dead and hide in trenches covered by branches and leaves. They are said to be direct descen-dents of Esau, whom the Bible describes as smelling like a “field of rotten potatoes.” Is Bigfoot known by any other name? Sasquateh (NW U.S.), Skunk Ape (SE U.S.), Yeti (Himalayas), Big-Unn (Pasco County), Yequi (Tibet), Sisimito (Honduras), Shookpa (Nepal), Jacko (Rocky Mountains), Mi-Go (Bhutan), Shiru (Andes) and Gin-Sung (Central China). What do Bigfoots look like? Massive shoulders. Body covered with dark hair. V-shaped chest. The bulk is equal to a six-foot human weighing between 300 and 400 pounds. The hands are wide with long palms, short fingers and thumbs nearly the same length as fingers. Forearms are long, biceps thick, hands reach to the knees. Bigfoots have a knot on the back, no neck and a small lump of a head which resembles the peaked hump of a yak. The face is hairless but not Neanderthal, as most think. The forehead slopes only slightly, the nose is pugged with nostrils flowing into the upper lip and there is a tuft of thick hair running across the forehead. Eyes are glowing and cat-like and have been described as both hot pink and yellow. How does Bigfoot sound? The call of the Bigfoot is a high-pitched shrill bark, 10 times louder than a dog, like a coach’s whistle blown in a tunnel and amplified. It is said that baby Bigfoots are born with the sense of language but lose it by maturity since there is no one else to talk to. There are only two Bigfoot words on record “hu hu,” and “ook.” Why is it called Bigfoot? Because its feet are at least 17-inches long, calloused on the edges, have short metatarsels, an equal row of straight toes (slightly webbed), wide heels and double balls. Young Bigfoots have arched feet; older ones are flatfooted. The footprint is 3-6 times deeper than a man’s. Bigfoots often have deformed right feet, although experts cannot figure out why. What should you do if you see a Bigfoot tonight? Put a tricycle in its “hu-hu or ook” bag and Bigfoot will leave you alone.
“Let me further clarify what I’m asking. Has anyone had an encounter that left them with zero doubt? I’m not talking “What’s that down the hill? Is that a bear? It’s big whatever it is.” I’m talking about turning the bend on a trail through the woods and you come face to face with a Bigfoot. Zero doubt encounters?”
When I went to Reddit to catch up on the latest on r/bigfoot this morning, I saw the heading for this post and loved it! But what does it mean? What is it really saying? Well I think he/she is saying that they want to hear about your sighting, not what you think you saw, but bigfoot standing in front of you, stealing your sandwich and crushing your camera.
Well maybe not all of that. But when we are logging in these sightings or writing about them in a blog, or hearing one million a week on a podcast, should we have on, or count the ones that people are saying the think it’s a bigfoot. Should we make sure we only report on the ones that have been investigated? Coordinates, clear photo, exact descriptions, etc? Are we really doing good reporting, by sharing all the more vague ones?
The amount of sightings coming weekly is an insane amount. For those who take sighting reports how many are you getting weekly? Where is Squatchermetrics when I need them? I don’t have exact numbers but a hell of a lot should cover it. And with so many reports coming in now maybe I/we should scrutinize and investigate them a bit more than we already do…
But, all of that is a topic for another day.
Back to Reddit…
The question did get answered and here are a few of those answers…
I haven’t seen a Bigfoot but I am a huge believer, but my boyfriend never believed or even cared to watch anythingBigfoot related with me but a couple nights ago he wasworking late and on his way back home and he happenedto be driving down a road around 11 or 12 that night and he saw something that he couldn’t explain. He was absolutely frightened and terrified, he explained that when he was driving he saw something cross the road into a wooded area and he got up close to the area wherehe saw it cross he saw something about 7 ft tall darkbrown with broad shoulders and a very thick neck. He is very sure that he saw a Bigfoot and I asked him could it be a bear and he said no because he watched it walk on 2 legs across the road and through the wooded area and he could see the shoulders of the creature. He was never interested before in any of the Bigfoot related things I would watch but lately he has been asking me questions about them and looking at pictures of them and comparing what he saw that night. I have never seen him really shaken by anything before but whatever he saw has changed his view on bigfoot. It’s been almost a week and he has nightmare about what he seen that night, a couple days ago he woke in the middle of night in sweats and explaining that every-time he closes his eyes he sees the creature in his dreams. I don’t doubt his experience at all and honestly I am a little jealous that he got to witness one lol. He doesn’t know that I am sharing his experience because he doesn’t want any mocking him and his experience. I asked him did he happen to take a picture of it and he said that it was last thing on his mind because he didn’t wanna be anywhere near it or even get close to it. We live in Georgia and I have looked at reports from Georgia and reports close to where he saw it, I wanted to report his experience on a Bigfoot website but he doesn’t want his experience out there or have his name attached to it so this is as close as I’m willing to report it. He is absolutely sure that what he saw was a Bigfoot and I 100% believe him.
“Enough people have had a “zero-doubt” encounter that there are catalogs and databases and books published of interviews of witnesses. The catalogs of records of interviews of witnesses are obviously not inclusive of every witness. The unmistakable visual encounters are typically very brief, lasting only a few seconds, and most people are in a state of stunned shock about what they are seeing. That’s the best explanation I have for why there are still no (or very few) good camera-phone based videos or pictures. In the time it takes one to get out a phone and open the camera app, the sighting may be over, and it’s difficult to pull your eyes away, let alone have the presence of mind to take a picture. The closer and clearer the subject, the more shocking, or even terrifying, it is. That being said the animal that I saw in Georgia was very similiar to the PG footage. The huge frame and athletic looking build. The most notable difference from the two would have been the hair color. In the PG footage to me it seems like she has a darker brown or almost black color hair. The creature I saw (under the headlights) appeared to be more of a lighter brown or medium brown color but same length (like 3 or 4 inches). This probably doesn’t help but honestly it looked to me like your storybook sasquatch … like something you’d see on a movie poster. It really was spot on. It seems logical that there would be some variation in color with the change in geography/topography or one could raise the point that the Southeastern US and Pacific Northwest bigfoots are subspecies of one another. One thing i can say with certainty is that it was not anything like the skunk Ape /more like giant traditional Ape accounts I have heard from down in Florida and other wetland/swamp areas. It also definitely wasnt any dogman type thing lol. However, I will say it does not rule out the legitimacy of those claims (however skeptical one might be). The particular area of the state I was in was large rolling hills (small mountains), pipelines, state management areas, pine tree forests, red clay, and creeks/lakes. More of a similar environment to what is in the Northwest as opposed to swampy coastal Georgia. Looking back one thing I wish I would have focused more on or observed better were the eyes. It seems like every account seems to change with regard to the eye characteristics and color.”
“My son saw a 9ft tall creature he described as looking like a Neanderthal staring at him through our cabin window on our property in southeast Oklahoma in the Ouachita mountains. He wasn’t a believer in Sasquatch and he still questions what the heck he saw. This happened about 4 wks ago.”
“I think if you’re looking to be convinced that they exist then you’ll probably have to see one for yourself [unless water-tight evidence emerges]. But anyone prepared to give the circumstantial evidence a fair hearing has to come to the conclusion that people are repeatedly seeing them. The real question isn’t really ‘do they exist’ so much as “what are they?’ ETA: I don’t know they exist as I’ve never seen one. One problem for many seems to be dealing with the paradigm shift that results from either a ‘zero doubts encounter’ or accepting that they’re real [even if you haven’t seen one]. If you know/accept that they’re real then the world becomest a very different place, IMO.”
And here is the link to the original post so you can follow it..
This was an interesting post from Reddit. You know I’ve never been fond of the yelling and knocking technique, my technique has always been to enter the woods passively.
But what about throat singing to communicate. It’s less aggressive and more mesmerizing I would think.
By the early 21st century, throat-singing was once again used to lull babies to sleep, lure wild and semidomesticated animals, help gain the favour of the spirit of the place, and summon shamanic spirits and Buddhist gods.. . -Brittanica
If throat singing can lure semi domesticated animals in, what about a bigfoot. Would this be more passive and pleasing to them?
“The primatologists at the University of St. Andrews discovered that wild gibbons in Thailand have developed a unique song as a natural defense to predators. Literally singing for survival, the gibbons appear to use the song not just to warn their own group members, but those in neighbouring areas.”—Science Daily
“It was nearly midnight when he started on his return over stony hills and hollows. Though he was a bold youth, he became silent as he approached the lonely valley known as Rocky Ravine. When half way through the tortuous cliff between the hills a sound attracted his attention. On his right, near tho top of the hillside, a curious figure was seen creeping from rock to rock and keeping well in the shadows. It carried something which gleamed brightly now and then as the moon’s rays fell upon it. It came nearer aud nearer the farmer, who had crouched down behind a clump of blackberry bushes, with a strange feeling of dread within him. The mysterious being animal or man approached until it reached the roadway within ten feet of the boy, when with a bound it sprang to the top of a huge boulder, where it crouched for a moment in the full glare of the moon. Frank Rose gave one look back and then shut his eyes with a gap of horror. The thing upon tho rock was a man. But what a man ! When Frank got home that night he told his story of what he had seen upon the way of a creature which, though it walked on “all fours” and was covered with hair from head to foot, carried a gleaming axe and displayed other indications of being human. It was gaunt but muscular, and had burning eyes that shone through long, fancied locks of hair. He had seen this thing but for a moment as it crouched upon a rock. Then it leaped down on the other rock , and he made his way out of the deserted valley as quickly as possible. Young Rose’s story created little agitation among the neighbors. They practical pooh-poohed it, the superstitious added it to their list of ghost tales and inwardly resolved never again to be caught in the neighborhood of Rocky Ravine after nightfall….
But the adventure was not to end so lightly. On the very next night, Henry Simon and William Downey, stock buyers, living in another county, rode within a short distance of the dreary valley, when they were astonished to hear the reverberation of a succession of blows, evidently made by some instrument of steel or iron. They tied their horses and walked up the dark ravine until they arrived at a tremendous cavity which had evidently been excavated by human hands. Twenty feet below in tho darkness some one was striking blow alter blow upon tho rocky bottom of the pit. ” What are you doing down there?”‘ shouted Simon. For answer a stone came whizzing through the air, narrowly missing Downey’s head. A big, hairy creature sprang out of the hole with a frightful yell and disappeared with surprising rapidity over the side of the hill, still carrying its steel tool, though running apparently upon four legs. The traders were Stupefied with astonishment, aud lost no time in getting out of the neighborhood.”